|Birth name||Douglas Farthing Hatlelid|
August 27, 1942|
San Francisco, California, U.S.
Douglas Farthing Hatlelid (born August 27, 1942), better known as Chip Douglas, is a songwriter, musician (bass, guitar and keyboards), and record producer, whose most famous work was during the 1960s. He was the producer of some of the Monkees biggest hits, including "Daydream Believer" and "Pleasant Valley Sunday".
Douglas was raised in Hawaii and began his musical career with a folk group he formed in high school, "The Wilcox Three", modeled after The Kingston Trio. During a trip to California, they were discovered by a well-known booking agency and signed by RCA/Camden to record an album at their studios in Hollywood.
The group dissolved and Douglas, along with Cyrus Faryar and noted rock photographer Henry Diltz, formed the Modern Folk Quartet (along with musician Jerry Yester) in Los Angeles. They were signed by Warner Bros. and recorded two albums: Modern Folk Quartet and Changes. They also appeared as themselves in a nightclub scene for the Warner Bros. movie Palm Springs Weekend, starring Connie Stevens and Troy Donahue (1963). MFQ spent the next several years touring the U.S. playing college concerts.
The Modern Folk Quartet was signed by producer Phil Spector in 1966, and recorded a song, "This Could Be the Night", co-written by Spector and up-and-coming singer-songwriter Harry Nilsson. The record was not released at that time, but Douglas and Nilsson became friends. In the latter half of 1966, Douglas was a member of the short-lived Gene Clark Group, a band featuring the ex-Byrds Gene Clark, ex-Grass Roots Joel Larson, and Bill Rinehart, formerly of The Leaves. Clark disbanded the group at the end of that year without having recorded or released any records.<ref name="part1"/>
When The Turtles' bassist Chuck Portz was fired from the band, Douglas was asked to take his place. His first record with them was "Happy Together", which they'd decided to record after hearing a well-worn demo that had been passed on by numerous other artists. Douglas played bass and did the arrangement that was recorded, and it became a huge hit for The Turtles, ousting The Beatles' "Penny Lane" from the #1 single position on the American pop charts.<ref name="part2"/>
Seeing The Turtles perform at Hollywood's Whisky a Go Go in early 1967, The Monkees' Michael Nesmith approached Douglas and asked if he'd like to become the new producer for The Monkees, who were tired of the "manufactured" recording setup they'd used thus far. Douglas answered candidly, "I've never produced a record in my life." Nesmith, who had produced album tracks for the group, but had little pull with their label Colgems Records. assured him, "Don't worry; if you're willing to quit The Turtles, I'll show you everything you need to do."<ref name="part2"/><ref name="part3"/>
Douglas accepted Nesmith's offer, and joined The Monkees in the studio, first to create a new single with all four Monkees playing. Unfortunately, it couldn't be released because of a publishing restriction imposed by Screen Gems (who both produced The Monkees series and controlled their music publishing). Douglas' next Monkees project was their Headquarters album. Recorded over six steady weeks of sessions at the RCA Studios in Hollywood, Headquarters was the first album to feature The Monkees playing on every track, to refute the accusation that they couldn't play their own instruments, and was regarded by all four members as their 'first album'. Douglas contributed a song, "Forget That Girl", and joined them on bass guitar in the studio, freeing Peter Tork to play keyboards and guitar. Other sidemen rounded out the sound, but the core was The Monkees themselves. The album was released in the spring of 1967, and began a steady climb up the charts, eventually reaching #1 on Billboard's album chart, but was displaced the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.<ref name="part2"/><ref name="part3"/>
No singles from Headquarters were issued in the United States, but Douglas produced the hit single "Pleasant Valley Sunday" (written by Gerry Goffin and Carole King), which featured an innovative guitar intro composed by Douglas and played by Nesmith. Douglas produced next Monkees' album, Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn, & Jones, Ltd., on which he also played bass. Unlike Headquarters, it was done in several different studios around the U.S. between Monkees tour dates, and was played by the band and augmented by session musicians.
Douglas also introduced members of the Monkees to new songwriters, including John Stewart, who wrote "Daydream Believer", which would become their second-biggest all-time single and was included on the 1968 album The Birds, The Bees & The Monkees. Douglas thought the song would be perfect for Davy Jones, and Tork provided a memorable piano intro. He also introduced the band members to Harry Nilsson, who played them a selection of his original songs, and became friends with the band. One of the songs, "Cuddly Toy", was covered by The Monkees, and featured on both the Pisces album and an episode of their TV series. Douglas has been quoted as saying, "I like to think I gave Harry his big break, which resulted in a record deal with RCA".
Douglas was pleased to have made hit records with The Monkees, but was disappointed that they weren't able to erase the common misconception that The Monkees weren't actually musicians, and that the press took little notice of their accomplishments.<ref name="part3"/>
The Turtles, Revisited
As 1967 ended, The Monkees wanted to take full control of their music, and said farewell to Douglas, who returned to producing The Turtles. The first project was The Turtles Present the Battle of the Bands album, the name of which was taken from the title track, co-written by Douglas and Harry Nilsson. It also included two more Turtles' top-ten hits: “Elenore” and “You Showed Me.”
Douglas had performed "You Showed Me" with Gene Clark in 1966, while he was a member of The Gene Clark Group. Originally an uptempo number, the slow, moody arrangement came about by accident. Douglas was demonstrating the song for vocalists Howard Kaylan and Mark Volman, on an organ whose bellows was broken, requiring him to play it slowly. Douglas told them "This isn't the way it's supposed to sound," but Kaylan and Volman disagreed, thinking the new tempo would be perfect – correctly, as it happened.<ref name="part4"/>
The Monkees, Revisited
Douglas kept in touch with The Monkees and returned in 1969 to record his composition "Steam Engine", with Micky Dolenz on vocals. The song appeared in reruns of their TV show.
In 1976, Douglas re-teamed with Dolenz, Jones and Tork to record the single, "Christmas is My Time of Year", co-written by Douglas and Howard Kaylan. By then, Nesmith was no longer affiliated with the group.
In 1986, a Monkees reunion tour reawakened interest in the band, and Rhino Records reissued all their original albums, including their work with Douglas.
Douglas has appeared in several documentaries about The Monkees, reminiscing about his work with the band. <ref name="part2"/><ref name="part4"/>
The Modern Folk Quartet reunited in 1975 and began to perform again, often appearing at the famed Ice House in Pasadena, California. For several years, they teamed up with ex-Kingston Trio member, Dave Guard, to back him in his solo act. In the eighties, MFQ recorded several albums for a Japanese record company. They've also toured Japan, where they remain popular (1988, 1990, 2003, 2005 and 2011).<ref name="MFQ site">"Official Modern Folk Quartet website" (in Japanese). October 13, 2006. Retrieved October 2, 2012.</ref>
Douglas continues to write and produce records in a variety of genres, and divides his time between California and Hawaii.
- Baker, Glenn A.; Tom Czarnota; Peter Hogan (1986). Monkeemania : The True Story of the Monkees. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312000035.
- Lefcowitz, Eric (1985). The Monkees Tale. Berkeley, California: Last Gasp. ISBN 978-0867193381.
<references group=""><ref name="part1">Douglas, Chip (February 2010). Part One. The Strange Dave Show. Interview with David Harry Rosenberg. Retrieved October 2, 2012.</ref> <ref name="part2">Douglas, Chip (February 2010). Part Two. The Strange Dave Show. Interview with David Harry Rosenberg. Retrieved October 2, 2012.</ref> <ref name="part3">Douglas, Chip (February 2010). Part Three. The Strange Dave Show. Interview with David Harry Rosenberg. Retrieved October 2, 2012.</ref><ref name="part4">Douglas, Chip (February 2010). Part Four. The Strange Dave Show. Interview with David Harry Rosenberg. Retrieved October 2, 2012.</ref></references>
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