Giorgio Moroder at Melt! Festival 2015
|Birth name||Giovanni Giorgio Moroder|
|Also known as||Giorgio|
26 April 1940|
Urtijëi, South Tyrol, Italy
|Years active||1969–1992; 2013–present|
Giovanni Giorgio Moroder (Template:IPA-it; born 26 April 1940)<ref>Tobias Rüther (26 April 2010). "Giorgio Moroder zum Siebzigsten: Ich fühle Liebe". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Retrieved 20 May 2012.</ref><ref>"Giorgio Moroder". laut.de. Retrieved 21 May 2012.</ref> is an Italian singer, songwriter, DJ and record producer. Moroder is frequently credited with pioneering Italo disco and electronic dance music.<ref>Jim Poe. "Giorgio Moroder: 10 groundbreaking tunes | Music". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-08-24.</ref>
When in Munich in the 1970s, he started his own record label called Oasis Records, which several years later became a subdivision of Casablanca Records. He produced singles for Donna Summer during the late-1970s disco era, including "Bad Girls", "Last Dance", "Love to Love You Baby", "No More Tears (Enough Is Enough)", "Dim All the Lights", "MacArthur Park", "Hot Stuff", "On the Radio", and "I Feel Love", and is the founder of the former Musicland Studios in Munich, a recording studio used by many artists including Electric Light Orchestra, Led Zeppelin, Queen and Elton John. Moroder also composed the soundtrack for the film Midnight Express, which won an Academy Award and contained the international hit "Chase".
Moroder also produced a number of electronic disco songs for the Three Degrees, two albums for Sparks, and a handful of songs on Bonnie Tyler's album Bitterblue as well as her 1985 single "Here She Comes". In 1990, he composed "Un'estate italiana", the official theme song of the 1990 FIFA World Cup. He also created a score of songs for performers including David Bowie, Kylie Minogue, Irene Cara, Janet Jackson, Madleen Kane, Melissa Manchester, Blondie, Japan and France Joli. Moroder has stated that the work of which he is most proud is Berlin's "Take My Breath Away".<ref>"He felt love with Donna Summer, now its Deja Vu for Giorgio Moroder - 11/06/2015". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 2015-08-24.</ref> This song and "Flashdance... What a Feeling" earned him the Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1986 and 1983 respectively.
Giovanni Giorgio Moroder was born on 26 April 1940 in Urtijëi in South Tyrol, Italy. His mother called him "Hansjörg" (Template:IPA-de), the German version of his first and second names, as while he was growing up they lived in a mixed German, Italian and Ladin-speaking environment in South Tyrol in northern Italy.<ref name= Always>Moroder, Giorgio (December 17, 2014). "Giorgio Moroder: 'I Was Always Interested in the Hits'". The-Talks.com, excerpting Purple Fashion Magazine. Interview with Sven Schumann. Retrieved April 19, 2015.</ref><ref>Yeboah, Anna (April 17, 2015). "Giorgio Moroder Loves EDM". Retrieved November 3, 2017. </ref>
Moroder made his first steps in music in the Scotch-Club in Aachen and then released a few singles under the name "Giorgio" beginning in 1963 after moving to Berlin, singing in Italian, Spanish, English, and German.
1969–83: Contribution to electronic music
He came to prominence in 1969, when his recording "Looky Looky", released on Ariola Records, was awarded a gold disc in October 1970.<ref name="The Book of Golden Discs">Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 259. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.</ref> He then made a name for himself in studios around Germany in the early 1970s. Often collaborating with lyricist Pete Bellotte, Moroder had a number of hits in his own name including "Son of My Father"<ref name= Always /> in 1972, a No. 1 hit in the UK for Chicory Tip, before releasing the synthesizer-driven From Here to Eternity, a notable chartbuster in 1977. That same year he co-wrote and produced the seminal Donna Summer hit single "I Feel Love",<ref name= Always /><ref name= undr>"Hitler's filmmaker to release new film". BBC. 7 January 2002.</ref> the first track in the Hi-NRG genre. The following year he released "Chase", the theme from the film Midnight Express. "Chase" is often used on the American syndicated late-night radio show "Coast to Coast" and was also used as an entrance theme for wrestling's group The Midnight Express. These songs achieved some chart success in the United Kingdom, the United States and across Europe, and everywhere disco-mania was spreading. The full film score for Midnight Express which featured "Chase" won him his first Academy Award for Best Original Score in 1979.
In 1979 Moroder released his album E=MC². Text on the album's cover stated that it was the "first electronic live-to-digital album." He also released three albums between 1977–1979 under the name Munich Machine. In 1980, he composed and produced two film soundtrack albums: the first for Foxes and the second for American Gigolo. A double album of the Foxes soundtrack was released on the disco label Casablanca Records which includes Donna Summer's hit single "On the Radio", which Moroder both produced and co-wrote. The Foxes soundtrack also contains a song titled "Bad Love", written and performed by the singer-actress Cher and produced by Moroder. The American Gigolo soundtrack featured the Moroder-produced "Call Me" by Blondie, a US and UK number one hit. The combined club play of the album's tracks was number two for five weeks on the disco/dance charts.<ref>Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974–2003. Record Research. p. 288.</ref> In 1982 he wrote the soundtrack of the movie Cat People, including the hit single "Cat People (Putting Out Fire)" featuring David Bowie. In 1983, Moroder produced the soundtrack for the film Scarface. During its initial release, the album was only available in a few countries and strictly through import in the United States. Notable Moroder-produced tracks included "Scarface (Push It to the Limit)" by Paul Engemann, "Rush Rush" by Debbie Harry and "She's on Fire" by Amy Holland.
1984–92: Recognition and hiatus
In 1984, Moroder compiled a new restoration and edit of the silent film Metropolis (1927) and provided it with a contemporary soundtrack. This soundtrack includes seven pop music tracks from Pat Benatar, Jon Anderson, Adam Ant, Billy Squier, Loverboy, Bonnie Tyler and Freddie Mercury. He also integrated the old-fashioned intertitles into the film as subtitles as a means of improving continuity, and he also increased the film's framerate to 24 frames a second. Since the original speed was unknown this choice was controversial. Known as the "Moroder version", it sparked debate among film buffs, with outspoken critics and supporters of the film falling into equal camps.<ref>"New Metropolis Sparks Controversy at Cannes". Variety. 16 May 1984.</ref><ref>Elsaesser, Thomas (2002). "Innocence Restored? Reading and Re-reading a 'Classic': Georgio Moroder's Metropolis". In Minden, Michael; Bachmann, Holger. Fritz Lang's Metropolis: Cinematic Visions of Technology and Fear. Boydell & Brewer. p. 124. ISBN 1-57113-146-9. Retrieved August 18, 2017 – via Google Books.
Moroder's reissue...was bound to offend the purists if only because it smacked of such crass commercialism and seemed so evidently calculated to jump the culture barrier.</ref> Most critics agree that, the opinion of film purists aside, Moroder's version was a welcome addition.<ref>Jurkiewicz, Kenneth (March 1990). "Using Film in the Humanities Classroom: The Case of Metropolis". The English Journal. 79 (3): 47.
Although harshly criticized for its synthesized rock score, Moroder's reconstruction does have the virtue of clarifying a muddled plotline...Moroder's new version provides some illuminating changes in narrative continuity and character motivation, while still preserving the integrity of Lang's extravagant satiric vision.</ref><ref>Bertellini, Giorgio (Autumn 1995). "Restoration, Genealogy and Palimpsests". Film History. 7 (3): 277–290.</ref> In 1984, Moroder worked with Philip Oakey of The Human League to make the album Philip Oakey & Giorgio Moroder, which was a UK singles chart hit with "Together in Electric Dreams", title track to the 1984 film Electric Dreams. The same year saw him collaborating with Kajagoogoo frontman Limahl for their worldwide hit "The NeverEnding Story".
In 1986, Moroder collaborated with his protégé Harold Faltermeyer (of "Axel F") and lyricist Tom Whitlock to create the score for the film Top Gun (1986) which included Kenny Loggins' hit "Danger Zone" and Berlin's "Take My Breath Away". He also wrote the theme song to the film Over the Top, "Meet Me Half Way" which was also performed by Kenny Loggins. In 1987 Moroder produced and co-wrote Falco's song "Body Next to Body". Moroder wrote the official theme songs, "Reach Out", for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, and "Hand in Hand", for the 1988 Seoul Olympics and "Un'estate italiana" for the 1990 Football World Cup. On March 12, 1992 Moroder released his fourteenth studio album, Forever Dancing, his last solo project for years.<ref name="Giorgio Moroder – Forever Dancing">"Giorgio Moroder – Forever Dancing". Allmusic. Retrieved September 18, 2014.</ref> For two decades he released no albums,<ref name= undr /> focusing largely on remixes and visual art during most of the 1990s and early 2000s.<ref>Lamphier, Jason (2015-05-05). "The Comeback of the Summer: Disco King Giorgio Moroder". Out.com. Here Media Inc.</ref> With Daniel Walker he produced soundtrack for Leni Riefenstahl's last film Impressionen unter Wasser.
2013–present: Return and collaborations
In 2013 Moroder returned to music and composed, produced and performed the theme music for Google's "Racer".<ref>GiorgioMoroder. "Giorgio Moroder – Racer (2013)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref> Moroder contributed to Daft Punk's 2013 studio album Random Access Memories, admitting that he was a fan of their song "One More Time" before working with the group.<ref name="Daft-Punk-RAM">Cubarrubia, RJ (3 April 2013). "Giorgio Moroder: Daft Punk's New Album Is 'A Step Forward' for Dance Music". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
[...] Thomas and Guy-Manuel, they are perfectionists (4:21 min). They had to do something which is different. Still dance, still electronic; but give that human touch back. (7:40 min)</ref> His voice and story are on the album track "Giorgio by Moroder". On the track he states, "My name is Giovanni Giorgio, but everybody calls me Giorgio."<ref>GiorgioMoroder. "Daft Punk – Giorgio by Moroder (2013)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref> In summer 2013, Giorgio became a DJ, debuting in the US at the Red Bull Music Academy in New York City.<ref>"Listen to Giorgio Moroder's US DJ debut at Brooklyn's Output club". The Verge. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref><ref>GiorgioMoroder. "Giorgio Moroder – DJ Set – Live @ Deep Space (New York)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref>
He is touring worldwide and playing his classics from the 70s and 80s and new remixes. In 2014, Giorgio Moroder reworked an old classic from the 1960s called "Doo Bee Doo" (2014 version), which was used in the Volkswagen 2014 Super Bowl commercial, "Wings".<ref>"2014 Volkswagen Game Day Commercial: Wings". YouTube. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref><ref>"Doo Bee Doo 2014 (feat. Caroline Brooks): Giorgio Moroder: MP3 Downloads". Amazon.com. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref> In March 2014, singer Kelis announced a collaboration with Moroder on her Facebook page.<ref>"Kelis – Timeline Photos". Facebook. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref> The following month, Moroder released his official remix of Coldplay's "Midnight" from their album Ghost Stories.<ref>GiorgioMoroder. "Coldplay – Midnight (Giorgio Moroder Remix)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref> He also announced that he will work with the French electro-pop producer Madeon<ref>"Giorgio Moroder – Timeline Photos". Facebook.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref> and American singer Lana Del Rey.<ref>Wolk, Douglas. "Giorgio Moroder, Dance Music Legend, on Remixing Coldplay's 'Midnight' and 'Crazy' Lana Del Rey". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref><ref>"Madeon Collabs With Giorgio Moroder". Blog.lessthan3.com. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref> On 9 June 2014, Adult Swim released a new Hi-NRG Disco single by Moroder (named "Giorgio's Theme").<ref>GiorgioMoroder. "Giorgio Moroder – Giorgio's Theme (2014)". Soundcloud.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.</ref> Moroder also remixed Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga's rendition of "I Can't Give You Anything but Love".<ref name="BB">Peters, Mitchell (17 November 2014). "Giorgio Moroder to Release First Studio Album in Over 30 Years". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 10 February 2015.</ref>
Moroder's latest solo studio album, Déjà Vu, was released on June 12, 2015.<ref>Geslani, Michelle (24 April 2015). "Listen to Britney Spears and Giorgio Moroder’s surprisingly great cover of "Tom’s Diner" — listen". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 29 April 2015.</ref> It features collaborations with Kylie Minogue, Britney Spears, Sia, Charli XCX, Mikky Ekko, Foxes and Matthew Koma, among others.<ref name="BB" /> On 16 January, the collaboration with Kylie Minogue, "Right Here, Right Now", was leaked to the internet ahead of its official release.<ref>"Giorgio Moroder "Right Here, Right Now" (ft. Kylie Minogue)". Exclaim.ca. Retrieved 18 January 2014.</ref> The song, along with a video teaser, was officially released on 20 January 2015<ref>Caulfield, Keith (20 January 2015). "Giorgio Moroder & Kylie Minogue Drop Single 'Right Here, Right Now'". Billboard. Retrieved 21 January 2015.</ref> and on April 18, 2015 reached number one on the US Dance Club Songs, becoming Moroder's first chart-topper in 15 years.<ref>"Giorgio Moroder Returns to Dance Charts After 38 Years".</ref> In March 2015, Moroder supported Minogue during the Australian leg of her Kiss Me Once Tour.<ref>Fonseca, Nicholas (13 February 2015). "Giorgio Moroder will join Kylie Minogue for her Kiss Me Once tour". Sydneyland Time Out. Retrieved 29 April 2015.</ref><ref>"Kylie Minogue teams up with Giorgio Moroder on 'Kiss Me Once' tour - watch". NME. Time Inc. UK. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.</ref> Giorgio Moroder and Sia collaborated in May 2015 on the title track from Moroder's LP Déjà Vu.<ref>"Giorgio Moroder - Déjà vu ft. Sia". YouTube. 2015-05-05. Retrieved 2015-08-24.</ref> In September 2015, Moroder was featured on Kylie Minogue's EP Kylie + Garibay on the song "Your Body". In 2016, he and Raney Shockne wrote and composed the music to the video game Tron RUN/r. The soundtrack album was released on 31 May 2016.<ref>"Giorgio Moroder's 'TRON RUN/r' Video Game Soundtrack Getting Release With Remixes". Billboard.com.</ref><ref>"Giorgio Moroder Releasing Tron Soundtrack With Autechre, Plaid, Bibio Remixes, More". Pitchfork.com.</ref> In October 2016, Moroder produced "One More Day" for SISTAR, one of Korea's top girl groups.<ref name="popcrush.com">"'One More Day': Sistar's Giorgio Moroder Collabo Is a LGBT Vengeance Thriller". PopCrush. Retrieved 2016-11-22.</ref> They debuted the song live on October 8, at Korea's DMC Festival 2016, with Moroder being present in the audience.<ref>"Sistar Collaborates With Legendary Giorgio Moroder On Their New Song ‘One More Day’". OfficiallyKmusic.com.</ref><ref>MBCkpop (8 October 2016). "[2016 DMC Festival] SISTAR (Produced by.Giorgio Moroder) - One More Day, 씨스타 - 원 모어 데이 20161008" – via YouTube.</ref> The music video for the song was released on November 22, alongside the official digital release of the track.<ref name= "popcrush.com"/>
Moroder has won three Academy Awards: Best Original Score for Midnight Express (1978); Best Song for "Flashdance...What a Feeling", from the film Flashdance (1983); and Best Song for "Take My Breath Away", from Top Gun (1986). Moroder also won two of his four Grammy Awards for Flashdance: Best Album or Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special and Best Instrumental Composition for the track "Love Theme from Flashdance". The third was awarded for Best Dance Recording for the song "Carry On". On 20 September 2004 Moroder was honored at the Dance Music Hall of Fame ceremony, held in New York, when he was inducted for his achievements and contributions as a producer. In 2005, Moroder was named a Commendatore Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana,<ref>"Presidenza della Repubblica". Quirinale.it. 26 May 2005. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2013.</ref> and in 2010 Bolzano awarded him the Grande Ordine al Merito della Provincia autonoma di Bolzano. In 2011, he was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award by the World Soundtrack Academy. In 2014, Giorgio Moroder won his fourth Grammy Award for Daft Punk's Random Access Memories (Album of the Year).
The British alternative rock duo Curve covered "I Feel Love" in 1992. The song was later included on the double CD compilation The Way of Curve, released in 2004. Bronski Beat covered "I Feel Love" and "Love to Love You Baby" for their debut album The Age of Consent (1984). "On Fire", the second single from rapper Lil Wayne's seventh studio album Rebirth, contains allusions from Amy Holland's song "She's on Fire" and was inspired in its entirety by Scarface.<ref name="MTV.com.">Lil Wayne's 'On Fire' Inspired By 'Scarface,' Producer Dre Says – MTV.com</ref> "Push It", the second single from rapper Rick Ross' debut album Port of Miami, samples "Scarface (Push It to the Limit)" and the story of the video has a very similar theme to the film Scarface. It was produced by J. R. Rotem.
His song "Tears" was sampled and used as the basis of the DJ Shadow song "Organ Donor" on his 1996 album Endtroducing...... Canadian hip hop group Swollen Members sampled the song in "Fuel Injected" and "Meltdown". It also appears on the song "Tragedy" by RZA. The main melody and chord progression form the basis of "Marz" by folk musician John Grant and "Only Light" by Australian ska band The Cat Empire. Hip hop duo Mobb Deep used a sample from the song "Tony's Theme" in their song G.O.D. Pt. III. His song "E=MC²" was sampled and used for J. Dilla's song of the same title. One of his early compositions, "Doo-Bee-Doo-Bee-Doo" from 1969, was featured for many years in silent sketches on The Benny Hill Show as part of a medley that also included "Mah Nà Mah Nà", a 4/4 adaptation of Ludwig van Beethoven's "Für Elise", and "Gimme Dat Ding".
The theme from Midnight Express was sampled by hip-hop duo OutKast for their song "Return of the Gangsta", and by hip-hop producer J Dilla for "Phantom of the Synths", a beat later used by MF DOOM for "Gazzillion Ear" and by Jay Electronica for "Dimethyltryptamine". Professional wrestling tag team The Midnight Express used the theme as their ring entry music in the 1980s.
"Chase" was used as the entrance theme music for the professional wrestling tag team The Midnight Express throughout the early 1980s as well as in a number of montage videos for NBC's Major League Baseball coverage and CBS's coverage of the NBA.
Moroder's opening theme from the film Scarface is sampled by Nas and Mobb Deep for the track "It's Mine". "Leopard Tree Dream" from Cat People is sampled by Cannibal Ox in the song "Iron Galaxy." "The Legend of Babel" theme from the Metropolis soundtrack was covered by DJ Dado. British electronica musician Little Boots covered "Love Kills", which was written in collaboration with Freddie Mercury. "Future Lovers", a song from American recording artist Madonna's 2005 album Confessions on a Dance Floor, has a bass line inspired by Donna Summer's Moroder-produced hit "I Feel Love". Furthermore, Madonna opened her 2006 Confessions Tour with a medley of "Future Lovers" and "I Feel Love". The version of "Live To Tell" Madonna performed on The Confessions Tour heavily samples Moroder's song "Tears". Suns of Arqa's album "Technomor" includes the track "Moroder Vibe" which contains elements of "I Feel Love". Underworld's 1999 album, Beaucoup Fish, contains a song titled "Shudder/King of Snake", which contains an interpolation of the bass line from "I Feel Love". Santo, Sam and Ed’s Total Football on Fox Sports Australia uses a clip of "Looky Looky" for the intro of the segment of the same name.
In February 2016, Shooter Jennings, the son of outlaw country singer Waylon Jennings, released a tribute album entitled Countach (For Giorgio), his seventh studio album.<ref name="Sterdan"/> Shooter Jennings stated that Moroder's music from the movies Midnight Express (1978), Cat People (1982) and The NeverEnding Story (1984) had a major influence on him as a child which "...set the foundation for the music of my entire life."<ref name="Sterdan">Sterdan, Darryl. "Lord of Moroder" in The Ottawa Sun. 19 March 2016</ref>
Before his career reboot with Daft Punk, Moroder dedicated decades to his personal hobbies/projects. He designed a car with Marcello Gandini and ex-Lamborghini personnel, the Cizeta-Moroder V16T. Also in a recent interview, he spoke about architectural design of a pyramid-like apartment that was supposed to take place in Dubai. It was never built. Other projects included creating his own cognac liquor and getting involved with digital and neon art and putting on shows. <ref>"Giorgio Moroder: Back to the Future". 22 May 2013.</ref>
In 2017 he was exposed in connection with a large financial scandal related to the bank Hottinger & Cie.<ref>"Hottinger & Cie: Der Bankraub - brand eins online". www.brandeins.de (in Deutsch). Retrieved 2017-04-10.</ref>
- That's Bubblegum - That's Giorgio (1969)
- Giorgio (1970)
- Son of My Father (1972)
- Giorgio's Music (1973)
- Einzelgänger (1975)
- Knights in White Satin (1976)
- From Here to Eternity (1977)
- Love's in You, Love's in Me (1978)
- E=MC² (1979)
- Solitary Men (1983)<ref>"Giorgio Moroder – Solitary Men". Allmusic. Retrieved September 18, 2014.</ref>
- Innovisions (1985)
- Philip Oakey & Giorgio Moroder (1985)
- To Be Number One (1990)<ref>"Giorgio Moroder – To Be Number One". Allmusic. Retrieved September 18, 2014.</ref>
- Forever Dancing (1992)<ref name="Giorgio Moroder – Forever Dancing"/>
- Déjà Vu (2015)
- Honorific nicknames in popular music
- List of number-one dance hits (United States)
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Dance chart
- Cizeta-Moroder V16T supercar project
- Official Website – Giorgio Moroder
- Giorgio Moroder Soundcloud
- Giorgio Moroder discography at Discogs
- Giorgio Moroder at the Internet Movie Database
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