Hayward, California

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For the community in Mariposa County with this name, see Hayward, Mariposa County, California.

Hayward, California
City
Historic Hunt's Cannery water tower<ref>""Acceptance of Cannery Water Tower from ConAgra, Inc.", City of Hayward document, 2004 (pdf)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 19, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref><ref name="contracostatimes.com">"Hayward cottages now owned by Caltrans considered for historical designation". ContraCostaTimes.com. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref>
Historic Hunt's Cannery water tower<ref>""Acceptance of Cannery Water Tower from ConAgra, Inc.", City of Hayward document, 2004 (pdf)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 19, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref><ref name="contracostatimes.com">"Hayward cottages now owned by Caltrans considered for historical designation". ContraCostaTimes.com. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref>
Official seal of Hayward, California
Template:Infobox settlement/link
Motto: Heart of the Bay<ref name=profile>"ACCESS HAYWARD". Retrieved February 18, 2015. </ref>
Location of Hayward in Alameda County, California.
Location of Hayward in Alameda County, California.
Template:Location mapLocation in the United States
Coordinates: Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country Template:USA
State [[File:{{{flag alias-{Template:Variant|Flag of California.svg|23x15px|{{{border-{Template:Variant|border |alt=|link=]] California
County Alameda
Incorporated March 11, 1876<ref>"California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on October 17, 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2013. </ref>
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Barbara Halliday<ref>"Mayor & City Council". City of Hayward. Retrieved September 19, 2014. </ref>
 • State Senate Template:Representative<ref>"Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013. </ref>
 • Assemblymember Template:Representative<ref>"Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013. </ref>
 • U. S. rep. Template:Representative<ref>Template:Cite GovTrack</ref>
Area<ref name="CenPopGazetteer2016">"2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017. </ref>
 • City

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 • Land

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 • Water

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 28.9%
Elevation<ref>Template:Cite GNIS</ref>

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Population (2010)
 • City 144,186
 • Estimate (2016)<ref name="USCensusEst2016"/> 158,937
 • Rank 3rd in Alameda County
37th in California
 • Density

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 • Metro 7,468,390
 • Metro density

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Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes<ref>"ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 21, 2014. </ref> 94540–94546, 94552, 94557
Area code 510
FIPS code Template:FIPS
GNIS feature IDs Template:GNIS4, Template:GNIS4
Flower Carnation<ref name=profile/>
Website {{#property:P856}}

Hayward (/ˈhwərd/; formerly, Haywards, Haywards Station, and Haywood) is a city located in Alameda County, California in the East Bay subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area. With a 2014 population of 149,392, Hayward is the sixth largest city in the Bay Area and the third largest in Alameda County.<ref>"COH_Budget_Back_Final.ai" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. </ref> Hayward was ranked as the 37th most populous municipality in California. It is included in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont Metropolitan Statistical Area by the US Census.<ref>"Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas – U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. February 8, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> It is located primarily between Castro Valley and Union City, and lies at the eastern terminus of the San Mateo-Hayward Bridge. The city was devastated early in its history by the 1868 Hayward earthquake. From the early 20th century until the beginning of the 1980s, Hayward's economy was dominated by its now defunct food canning and salt production industries.

History

Early history

Human habitation of the greater East Bay, including Hayward, dates from at least 4000 B.C. The most recent pre-European inhabitants of the Hayward area were the Native American Ohlone people.<ref>Stanger, Frank M., ed. 1968. La Peninsula Vol. XIV No. 4, March 1968.</ref>

19th century

In the 19th century, the land that is now Hayward became part of Rancho San Lorenzo, a Spanish land grant to Guillermo Castro in 1841. The site of his home was on the former El Camino Viejo, or Castro Street (now Mission Boulevard) between C and D Streets, but the structure was severely damaged in the 1868 Hayward earthquake, with the Hayward Fault running directly under its location. Most of the city's structures were destroyed in the earthquake, the last major earthquake on the fault. In 1930, that site was chosen for the construction of the City Hall, which served the city until 1969.<ref>"Officially Designated Historic Buildings of Hayward". Hayward Area Historical Society. 2006. Archived from the original on April 12, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2008. </ref>

William Dutton Hayward arrived during the gold rush and "squatted", started building a house, next to the creek at the site of the old Polamares School. Guillermo Castro's Vaqueros came by one day and told Hayward to get off of Castro's property. William did leave, but went to Guillermo Castro directly and asked to buy a piece of his land. Castro sold him the area of what was east of Castro Street, now Mission Blvd and north side of A Street. William Hayward built a grand hotel on the property. He and his wife ran the hotel, which eventually burned to the ground around 1916.[citation needed]

Hayward was originally known as "Hayward's", then as "Haywood", later as "Haywards", and eventually as "Hayward". There is some disagreement as to how it was named. Most historians believe it was named for William Dutton Hayward, who opened a hotel there in 1852.<ref>Gudde, Erwin G., "California Place Names" (4th Ed. 1998)</ref> The U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System states the city was named after Alvinza Hayward, a millionaire from the California Gold Rush.<ref>For example, see Kirkbride, Wayne, "Golden Dreams and the Success that Followed," Sierra Mountain Times, Retrieved on April 27, 2009; and GeoQuery: Places: USGS Geographic Name Information Server; TerraFly GeoQuery website, Retrieved on April 27, 2009</ref><ref>GNIS Detail – Hayward. Geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> Regardless of which Hayward the area was named for, the name was changed to "Haywood" when the post office was first established in 1860.<ref name=CGN>Template:California's Geographic Names</ref>

Castro emigrated to Chile with most of his family in 1864, after he lost his land in a card game. His name survives in the community of Castro Valley, located in the valley next to Hayward, which Castro used to pasture his cattle. The ranch was split up and sold to various locals, William Hayward among them. William Hayward's fortunes took a turn for the grander when he constructed a resort hotel, which eventually grew to a hundred rooms. The surrounding area came to be called "Hayward's" after the hotel.[citation needed]

William Hayward eventually became the road commissioner for Alameda County. He used his authority to influence the construction of roads in his own favor. He was also an Alameda County supervisor. In 1876, a town was chartered by the State of California under the name of "Haywards". The name of the post office was then able to change because of the loss of the apostrophe before the "s". This change occurred in 1880.<ref name=CGN /> It remained "Haywards" until 1910 when the "s" was officially dropped. William Hayward died in 1891.

Historic Hermann Mohr home, Depot Road<ref>[1] Archived June 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.</ref>

Hayward grew steadily throughout the late 19th century, with an economy based on agriculture and tourism. Important crops were tomatoes, potatoes, peaches, cherries, and apricots. Hunt Brothers Cannery opened in 1895. Chicken and pigeon raising also played important roles in the economy. A rail line between Oakland and San Jose, the South Pacific Coast Railroad, was established, but was destroyed in the 1868 earthquake.<ref>http://www.museumoflocalhistory.org/pages/Hayward1868.pdf</ref> the Hayward shore of the Bay was developed into extensive salt evaporation ponds, and was one of the most productive areas in the world, with Leslie Salt one of the largest companies.<ref>[2]</ref>

20th century

The first San Mateo–Hayward Bridge opened in 1929, connecting the city to the San Francisco Peninsula.<ref>[3]</ref>

During the 1930s, the Harry Rowell Rodeo Ranch, now within the bounds of Castro Valley, drew rodeo cowboys from across the continent, and western movie actors such as Slim Pickens and others from Hollywood.<ref>"Harry Rowell family website". Theharryrowellfamily.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref><ref>"Rowell Ranch at the Hayward Area Recreation and Parks Department website". Haywardrec.org. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref>

Baptist Minister John Carlos Derfelt placing War Relocation Authority ID tag on Reverend Sui Hiro of the San Lorenzo Holiness Church. Hayward, 1942<ref>San Lorenzo Japanese Christian Church (February 22, 1999). "San Lorenzo Japanese Christian Church history". Slzjcc.org. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref>

Prior to World War II, Hayward had a high concentration of Japanese Americans, who were subject to the Japanese-American internment during the war. The war brought an economic and population boom to the area, as factories opened to manufacture war material. Many of the workers stayed after the end of the war. Two suburban tract housing pioneers, Oliver Rousseau and David D. Bohannon, were prominent builders of postwar housing in the area.<ref>Site design and illustration by www.darriendesign.com (June 4, 1932). "Encyclopedia of San Francisco". Sfhistoryencyclopedia.com. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref>

The Hayward Area Recreation and Park District was formed in 1944.

California State University, Hayward opened in the Hayward Hills in 1957. Southland Mall was dedicated in 1964.

The second San Mateo–Hayward Bridge opened in 1967. The City Center Building opened in 1969, and acted as the new city hall until 1989, when the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake damaged the building and forced the city government to move out. The building was closed to the public in 1998, with the new Hayward City Hall opening the same year.

BART began operating in the Bay Area in 1972, with stations in downtown Hayward and south Hayward.

The Hunt Brothers Cannery closed in 1981. The Russell City Energy Center began operating in 2013 at the Hayward shoreline.

The city's downtown area was slated for redevelopment in 2012 and 2013, with landscaping, new businesses opening up, and older ones getting facade upgrades.<ref>"Foothill Boulevard in Hayward undergoing transformation". January 19, 2013. </ref>

Warren Hall on the California State University, East Bay campus was demolished in 2013.

In May 2015, the city's former shoreline landfill was declared a site for conversion to a solar farm, set to generate enough electricity to power 1,200 homes. It will be one of 186 sites in the Regional Renewable Energy Procurement Project.<ref>"EPA chief leads dedication of Hayward solar landfill conversion". May 16, 2015. </ref>

Former communities

Mount Eden was a former city that was incorporated into Hayward in the 1950s, at the same time as Schafer Park.<ref name=CGN /><ref>"GNIS Account Login". geonames.usgs.gov. </ref>

Russell City was a former unincorporated community. It existed from 1853 until 1964. It is now the location of an industrial park. The Russell City Energy Center, a 429 megawatt natural gas-fired power plant, built by Calpine, is located there.<ref>Russell City Energy Center Amendment Proceeding. Energy.ca.gov. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref><ref>"UPDATE 1-NRG, Calpine adding natgas-fired plants in California". Reuters. May 2, 2013. </ref>

Stokes Landing, Hayward Heath, and Eden Landing were communities now within Hayward city limits.<ref name="CGN"/>

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 63.7 square miles (165 km2). 45.3 square miles (117 km2) of it is land and 18.4 square miles (48 km2) of it (28.90%) is water.

The Hayward Fault Zone runs through much of Hayward, including the downtown area. The United States Geological Survey has stated that there is an "increasing likelihood" of a major earthquake on this fault zone, with potentially serious resulting damage.<ref>"The Telegraph - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. </ref>

San Lorenzo Creek runs through the city.

Hayward borders on a large number of municipalities and communities. The cities bordering on Hayward are San Leandro, Union City, Fremont, and Pleasanton. The census-designated places bordering on Hayward are Castro Valley, San Lorenzo, Cherryland, Sunol, and Fairview.

Climate

Hayward has a Mediterranean climate, and contains microclimates, both of which are features of the greater Bay Area. In 2012, the USDA rated Hayward as a zone 10A climate.

Template:Weather box

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.

<tr><td style="text-align:center">1870</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">504</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">—</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1880</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">1,231</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format| (100 * 1,231/504 - 100) | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 1,231/504 - 100) |

 144.2%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1890</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">1,419</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 1,419/1,231 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 1,419/1,231 - 100)  |
 15.3%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1900</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">1,965</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 1,965/1,419 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 1,965/1,419 - 100)  |
 38.5%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1910</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">2,746</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 2,746/1,965 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 2,746/1,965 - 100)  |
 39.7%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1920</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">3,487</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 3,487/2,746 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 3,487/2,746 - 100)  |
 27.0%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1930</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">5,530</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 5,530/3,487 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 5,530/3,487 - 100)  |
 58.6%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1940</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">6,736</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 6,736/5,530 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 6,736/5,530 - 100)  |
 21.8%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1950</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">14,272</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 14,272/6,736 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 14,272/6,736 - 100)  |
 111.9%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1960</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">72,700</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 72,700/14,272 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 72,700/14,272 - 100)  |
 409.4%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1970</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">93,058</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 93,058/72,700 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 93,058/72,700 - 100)  |
 28.0%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1980</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">93,585</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 93,585/93,058 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 93,585/93,058 - 100)  |
 0.6%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1990</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">111,498</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 111,498/93,585 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 111,498/93,585 - 100)  |
 19.1%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">2000</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">140,030</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 140,030/111,498 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 140,030/111,498 - 100)  |
 25.6%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">2010</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">144,186</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 144,186/140,030 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 144,186/140,030 - 100)  |
 3.0%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">Est. 2016</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">158,937</td><td style="font-size:85%"><ref name="USCensusEst2016">"Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. </ref></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">{{#iferror:1 |Template:Hid{{#invoke:Math|precision_format|  (100 * 158,937/144,186 - 100)  | 1-{{order of magnitude| (100 * 158,937/144,186 - 100)  |
10.2%</td></tr><tr><td colspan=4 style="border-top:1px solid black; font-size:85%; text-align:left">
U.S. Decennial Census<ref name="DecennialCensus">"Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. </ref>
</td></tr>

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Hayward had a population of 144,186.<ref>"2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Hayward city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. </ref> The population density was 2,261.8 people per square mile (873.3/km²). The census determined racial and ethnic makeup of Hayward was 49,309 (34.2%) White, 17,099 (11.9%) African American, 1,396 (1.0%) Native American, 31,666 (22.0%) Asian (10.4% Filipino, 3.9% Chinese, 3.0% Indian, 2.7% Vietnamese, 0.5% Japanese, 0.5% Korean, 0.2% Cambodian, 0.1% Pakistani), 4,535 (3.1%) Pacific Islander, 30,004 (20.8%) from other races, and 10,177 (7.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 58,730 persons (40.7%), giving Hayward an aggregate Hispanic/Latino plurality population as categorized by census determined racial and ethnic groups. 30.2% of Hayward's population is Mexican, 2.5% Salvadoran, 1.5% Puerto Rican, 1.2% Nicaraguan, 1.0% Honduran, 0.5% Peruvian, and 0.2% Cuban.<ref>"American Factfinder". census.gov. Retrieved August 27, 2011. </ref> Hayward is the second most diverse city in the state by Census figures.<ref>"Chavez Supermarket sets up shop on Mission Boulevard in Hayward". Inside Bay Area. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref> It has been ranked nationwide as highly diverse, in combination with Oakland and Fremont.<ref>"News Headlines". Cnbc.com. May 17, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref>

The Census reported that 141,462 people (98.1% of the population) lived in households, 1,954 (1.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 770 (0.5%) were institutionalized.<ref name=":0">Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-06. </ref>

There were 45,365 households, out of which 18,284 (40.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21,720 (47.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,495 (16.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,344 (7.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,037 (6.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 421 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 9,359 households (20.6%) were made up of individuals and 3,193 (7.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.12 persons. There were 32,559 families (71.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.60 persons.<ref>Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-06. </ref>

The city's age demographics were 35,379 people (24.5%) under the age of 18, 16,064 people (11.1%) aged 18 to 24, 44,005 people (30.5%) aged 25 to 44, 34,096 people (23.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,642 people (10.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.5 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.<ref>Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-06. </ref>

There were 48,296 housing units at an average density of 757.6 per square mile (292.5/km²), of which 23,935 (52.8%) were owner-occupied, and 21,430 (47.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.6%. About 75,039 people (52.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 66,423 people (46.1%) lived in rental housing units.<ref name=":0" />

Demographic profile<ref>"Demographic Profile Bay Area Census". </ref> 2010
Total Population 144,186 – 100.0%
One Race 134,009 – 92.9%
Not Hispanic or Latino 85,456 – 59.3%
White alone 27,178 – 18.8%
Black or African American alone 16,297 – 11.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 492 – 0.3%
Asian alone 31,090 – 21.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 4,290 – 3.0%
Some other race alone 352 – 0.2%
Two or more races alone 5,757 – 4.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 58,730 – 40.7%

2000

The 2000 Census reported there were 140,030 people, 44,804 households, and 31,945 families in the city.<ref name="GR2">"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. </ref> The population density was 1,219.6/km² (3,158.6/mi²). There were 45,922 housing units at an average density of 400.0/km² (1,035.8/mi²). The racial and ethnic makeup of the city was 42.95% White, 10.98% Black or African American, 0.84% Native American, 18.98% Asian, 1.91% Pacific Islander, 16.81% from other races, and 7.52% from two or more races. 34.17% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 44,804 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 20.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.58.

The population profiled by age was 26.8% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,177, and the median income for a family was $54,712. Males had a median income of $37,711 versus $31,481 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,695. 10.0% of the population and 7.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.7% of those under the age of 18 and 7.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

former city logo

Government

Hayward has a council–manager government. Hayward's mayor is Barbara Halliday, elected in June 2014.<ref name=MCC>"Mayor & City Council – Welcome!". City of Hayward. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013. Retrieved March 18, 2013. </ref><ref>"Fremont Bank Foundation Awards $100,000 Grant to Local Nonprofit". Newark, CA Patch. April 8, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref><ref>[4]</ref><ref>"Halliday emerges as front-runner". June 3, 2014. </ref> City Council and other government meetings are cablecast on cable TV channel KHRT-TV.

The city received an "AA", and an "AA+" rating for its general obligations, from the Fitch Group in 2012.<ref>"TEXT-Fitch affirms Hayward, Calif. COPs at 'AA'". Reuters. August 7, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref>

In July 2012, Hayward began working on an updated 25 year General Plan, with an estimated completion date of June 2014. The city last updated their General Plan in 2002.<ref>[5]</ref>

The Hayward Hall of Justice, a branch of the California Superior Court, is the largest full-service courthouse in Alameda County.<ref>"Alameda County Courts website". Alameda. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref>

Economy

Manufacturing

Hayward has a large number of manufacturing companies, both corporate headquarters and plants. This includes some high-tech companies, with Hayward considered part of a northern extension of Silicon Valley.<ref>"The Northern Silicon Valley Partnership". Edab.org. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref> Manufacturing plants in Hayward include Annabelle Candy,<ref>"company history at Annabelle Candy website". Annabelle-candy.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> Columbus Salame,<ref>"Two years after facility burned down, new salami plant opens in Hayward". Inside Bay Area. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> the Gillig bus company, Impax Laboratories, the Shasta soft drink company, and a PepsiCo production and distribution center.<ref>Corinne DeBra (June 28, 2011). "Walking San Francisco Bay: Hesperian Blvd. – June 20, 2011". Walkingthebay.blogspot.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref>

Retail

Southland Mall is the largest shopping center in Hayward.

Former businesses

Hunt Brothers Cannery

The economy of Hayward in the first half of the twentieth century was based largely on the Hunt Brothers Cannery. The cannery was opened in Hayward in 1895 by brothers William and Joseph Hunt, who were fruit packers originally from Sebastopol, California.<ref>"Hunt's corporate website". Hunts.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> The Hunts initially packed local fruit, including cherries, peaches, and apricots, then added tomatoes, which became the mainstay of their business. At its height in the 1960s and 1970s, Hunt's operated three canneries in Hayward, at A, B, and C Streets; an adjacent can-making company; a pickling factory; and a glass manufacturing plant. From the 1890s until its closure in 1981, Hunt's employed a large percentage of the local population. The air around Hayward was permeated by the smell of tomatoes for three months of each year, during the canning season. The canneries closed in 1981, as there were no longer enough produce fields or fruit orchards near the cannery to make it economically viable. Much of the production was moved to the Sacramento Valley. The location of the former canneries is marked by a historic water tower with the Hayward logo.<ref>[6] Archived July 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.</ref> A housing development now occupies much of the former cannery site.<ref>"Housing OK'd for Hayward cannery site". Oakland Tribune, The. December 21, 2001. </ref>

Other former businesses

Much of the Bay coastal territory of Hayward was turned into salt ponds, with Oliver Salt and Leslie Salt operating there.<ref>"History – Biographies, Landmarks, Patents". ASME. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref><ref>"Salt Photos – Collection » Hayward Area Historical Society". Haywardareahistory.org. Archived from the original on September 14, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. </ref> Much of this land has in recent years been returned to salt marshes. A 1983 image of the ponds appears on a 2012 U.S. postage stamp.<ref>"Hayward photo by Berkeley photographer chosen for stamp". Inside Bay Area. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref> The Mervyns department store chain was headquartered in Hayward, until it declared bankruptcy in 2008.

Top employers

According to the city's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,<ref name="hayward-ca.gov">[7]</ref><ref name="hayward-ca.gov"/> the top employers in the city were (in alphabetical order):

Employer
Alameda County Sheriff's Department
Manheim Auctions (AKA Bay Cities Auto)
Berkeley Farms
California State University, East Bay
Chabot College
City of Hayward†
Hayward Unified School District
Gillig
Impax Laboratories
Marelich Mechanical
Pentagon Technologies
Siemines Building Tech
St. Rose Hospital

† indicates employers wholly located or headquartered in Hayward

Two businesses which had significant employment in fiscal year 2006, Mervyns (1,300), and Pacific Bell (940), no longer operate in Hayward.<ref name="hayward-ca.gov"/>

Infrastructure

Hayward maintains the Hayward Fire Department (with 9 stations)<ref>[8]</ref> and the Hayward Police Department. Hayward has its own water and wastewater system, but a small northern portion of the city's water is managed by the East Bay Municipal Utility District.<ref>"EBMUD ward map, EBMUD website". Ebmud.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> The Hayward Public Library opened at the intersection of C Street and Mission Boulevard in 1951. As of 2013, plans were under development to construct a $60 million library across the street from the existing building, with funding uncertain.<ref>Parr, Rebecca; Matthew Artz; Ashly McGlone. Hayward short on cash for new library. The Oakland Tribune. July 20, 2013.</ref> Construction began on the library in 2016.<ref>"Hayward's 21st Century Library and Heritage Plaza". www.haywardlibrary.org. </ref>

Transportation

Freeways

Aerial view of San Mateo-Hayward Bridge. Foster City in foreground, Hayward across San Francisco Bay, Mount Diablo in background (left)

Hayward is served by Interstate 880 (also known as the Nimitz Freeway), Interstate 580 with a major intersection near downtown connecting State Route 238 and Interstate 238, State Route 92 (Jackson Street) and State Route 238 (Mission Boulevard/Foothill Boulevard). State Route 92 continues west as the San Mateo-Hayward Bridge. The intersection of 880 and 92 was reconstructed over a four-year period, with completion of the project in October 2011.<ref>Eric KurhiOakland Tribune. "At long last, improved connectors open at Hayward traffic trouble spot – San Jose Mercury News". Mercurynews.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref><ref>SR-92/I-880 Interchange Reconstruction Project. I880corridor.com (August 16, 2010). Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> Mission Boulevard has been long known for chronic traffic congestion. Past proposals to convert Mission Boulevard to a freeway or build a 238 bypass have been controversial. One proposal, to build a freeway parallel to Mission Boulevard, extending a freeway south from 580 where it turns east towards Castro Valley, and connecting to Industrial Boulevard, had land purchased, but was cancelled after years of debate.<ref name="contracostatimes.com"/> The land is now scheduled for sale and zoning.<ref>District 4 | State Route 238 Hayward Bypass Program. Dot.ca.gov. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref>

Mission, Jackson, and Foothill all converge at one congested intersection south of downtown, known historically as "Five Flags" for a line of flagpoles located there. To alleviate congestion in the downtown area, the city has converted the A Street, Mission and Foothill triangle to one-way thoroughfares (counterclockwise), and is adding road improvements, landscaping, and telephone/cable undergrounding to Mission Boulevard south to Industrial Boulevard, and to Foothill Boulevard north to 580.<ref>"Hayward to begin one-way downtown traffic loop March 15". February 19, 2013. </ref> The plan, the Route 238 Corridor Improvement Project, broke ground July 2010, completed rerouting in 2013, and was completed in 2013.<ref>Route 238 Corridor Improvement Project. Council Work Session, January 20, 2009</ref><ref>"Foothill Boulevard gateway getting face-lift in Hayward". Inside Bay Area. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref><ref>""Loop" construction through downtown Hayward". Photos.mercurynews.com. July 31, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref>

Public transit

Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), the regional rapid transit system, has two stations in Hayward: the Hayward station, in downtown; and the South Hayward station, near the Hayward-Union City border. BART operates a repair yard in Hayward.<ref>"Santa Clara VTA receives state funding to expand BART facilities", RT&S, December 7, 2012</ref><ref>"Hayward Maintenance Complex - bart.gov". www.bart.gov. </ref> The AC Transit bus system, which provides bus service for Alameda County and Contra Costa County, operates in Hayward, and has a repair/training center located there. Amtrak, the national rail passenger system, provides daily service at its Hayward station for the Capitol Corridor train, which runs between San Jose in the South Bay, and Auburn in the Greater Sacramento area.

Aviation

Hayward has a general aviation airport, the Hayward Executive Airport. The Hayward Air National Guard station was located at the airport in 1942, until being reassigned to Moffett Field in 1980.<ref>"Hayward Air National Guard Base". Militarymuseum.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref>

Health care

Hayward has one hospital with emergency departments, St. Rose Hospital,<ref>St. Rose Hospital website. St. Rose Hospital. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> which was at risk of closure as of 2012.<ref>"St. Rose Transition Authority holds first meeting in quest to save Hayward hospital – San Jose Mercury News". Mercurynews.com. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref> A Kaiser Permanente Medical Center closed in 2014, replaced by a San Leandro hospital.<ref>Replogle, Jill (July 8, 2011). "Kaiser's San Leandro Medical Center Hits Its High Mark – San Leandro, CA Patch". Sanleandro.patch.com. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref><ref>"Kaiser slows preparation for San Leandro hospital". Bizjournals.com. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref><ref>Hayward Medical Center – Services and Locations – Kaiser Permanente. Members.kaiserpermanente.org. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> Horizon Services, which administers substance abuse recovery programs in Hayward and other locations in the Bay Area, operates out of Hayward, as does the Family Emergency Shelter Coalition. The Hayward Fire Department opened the Firehouse Clinic in November 2015, the first combined fire station/medical center in California.<ref>"Hayward first California city to put fire station, medical center together". sfgate.com. </ref>

Cemeteries

Four cemeteries are located in Hayward: Chapel of the Chimes,<ref>"Chapel of the Chimes Hayward". chapelofthechimes.com. </ref> Mount Eden,<ref>Mount Eden Cemetery – Alameda County, California. Interment.net. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> Mount Saint Joseph Cemetery,<ref>Alameda County Genealogy – Cemeteries. Sfgenealogy.com. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> and Holy Sepulchre, the last two being Catholic cemeteries.<ref>Bay Area, California | Catholic Funeral and Cemetery Services – Holy Angels Holy Sepulchre – Hayward. CFCS Cemeteries. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref>

Arts and culture

The city created the Hayward Public Art Program in 2008, to create murals to beautify the city and combat graffiti, and has commissioned numerous murals throughout the city.<ref>"Hayward Mural Art Program Combats Graffiti". The Pioneer Online. July 27, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref><ref>"Murals that adorn Hayward walls also fight graffiti", San Jose Mercury News, February 10, 2013</ref> The program won a League of California Cities Helen Putnam Award of Excellence in 2011.<ref>"Helen Putnam Award of Excellence". Helenputnam.org. April 12, 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref>

File:Haywardmuraldetail2011.jpg
Hayward Public Art Program mural detail (Jean Bidwell, artist)

Hayward has been a Tree City USA since 1986.<ref>"Tree Cities at". Arborday.org. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref> Hayward declared itself a nuclear-free zone, a largely symbolic act, in 1987.<ref>Ordinance No. 87-024, An Ordinance Establishing Nuclear Free Hayward Archived December 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.</ref> The city is the setting for the Hayward Gay Prom, one of the earliest and longest running gay proms in the United States. The city introduced road signs in 2015 encouraging better behavior while walking or driving, using phrases like "It's a speed limit, not a suggestion."<ref>"Snarky California road signs aim to change behavior". </ref><ref>"Street Sign Says 'Cross the Street, Then Update Facebook'". February 13, 2015. </ref>

Downtown Hayward

Main article: Downtown Hayward

Many of Hayward's cultural landmarks and points of interest are in its downtown area. Three city hall buildings have been built: Hayward City Hall; the City Center Building, an abandoned 11-story building and Hayward's second city hall; and the first city hall at Alex Giualini Plaza, whose architectural motifs form the current city logo.

Other downtown features include the Hayward Area Historical Society museum, which relocated and re-opened in June 2014; Buffalo Bill's Brewery, one of the first brewpubs in California; and Cinema Place, Hayward's only movie theatre, with associated murals and an art gallery.<ref>"Blake Hunt Ventures, Inc". Blakehunt.com. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref> Many of the Hayward Public Art Program murals are located downtown.

Historic landmarks

Hayward has two sites in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP): the Green Shutter Hotel and Eden Congregational Church. A third site, Meek Mansion (also in the NRHP), while not within city limits, is managed by HARD and the Hayward Area Historical Society. The three sites are also on the California Register of Historical Resources.<ref>Historic Resources. Ohp.parks.ca.gov. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> Agapius Honcharenko's Ukraina Ranch is the only California Historical Landmark in the city.<ref>OHP Listed Resources. Ohp.parks.ca.gov. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref>

Julio J. Bras Portuguese Centennial Park<ref name="waymarking1">"Portuguese Centennial Park – Hayward, CA – Municipal Parks and Plazas on". Waymarking.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref>

Parks and protected areas

Hayward has four parks administered by the East Bay Regional Park District: the Don Castro Regional Recreation Area, Dry Creek Pioneer Regional Park, the Hayward Regional Shoreline, and Garin Regional Park. The Eden Landing Ecological Reserve is located at the Hayward shoreline, and includes 600 acres of salt ponds set to be converted to tidal wetlands.<ref>"Eden Landing Salt Pond Restoration Project, at the Save The Bay website". Savesfbay.org. April 21, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> Hayward is also home to the oldest Japanese garden in California designed along traditional lines. The 3.5 acre Japanese Gardens was dedicated in 1980.<ref>The Japanese Gardens. Dmtonline.org. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> The garden is administered by the Hayward Area Recreation and Park District (HARD), which operates a number of parks and facilities, primarily in Hayward, including Kennedy Park, the Sulphur Creek Nature Center, the Hayward Shoreline Interpretive Center, and Memorial Park with the Hayward Plunge swim center.<ref>Hayward Area Recreation and Park District. Haywardrec.org. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> HARD is the largest recreation district in California.<ref>Hayward Area Recreation and Park District. Haywardrec.org. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref>

Sports

The East Bay FC Stompers amateur soccer team is based in Hayward. The All Pro Wrestling professional wrestling promotion and training school is based in Hayward, and performs shows there.<ref>"jonathan". Allprowrestling.com. October 24, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> Hayward was briefly considered for the new home of the New York Giants baseball team in 1957, with San Francisco acquiring the team.[citation needed]

The Hayward Area Recreation and Park District operates the Skywest and Mission Hills golf courses. In addition to the two public golf courses, TPC Stonebrae, a private golf club, operates in Hayward. It hosts the Ellie Mae Classic (formerly known as the TPC Stonebrae Championship), part of the Web.com Tour since 2009.<ref>"PGA golf returns to the Hayward Hills". SFGate. Retrieved 2017-11-06. </ref>

Education

California State University, East Bay

California State University, East Bay campus, overlooking Warren Hall (demolished in August 2013) and the Hayward flatlands

Hayward is home to the main campus of California State University, East Bay, formerly known as California State University, Hayward.<ref>It's Official: CSU Trustees Vote Unanimously To Change University Name to 'Cal State East Bay'. Calstate.edu (January 26, 2005). Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> It is a public university within the California State University system. Pioneer Amphitheatre is located there, and is host to public music festivals.

Chabot College

Chabot College

Main article: Chabot College

Hayward is the home of Chabot College, a community college in the Chabot-Las Positas Community College District.<ref>"Chabot-Las Positas Community College District website". Clpccd.cc.ca.us. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref>

Primary and secondary schools

Hayward is served by the Hayward Unified School District (HUSD),<ref>"Hayward Unified School District website". Husd.k12.ca.us. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> which operates three high schools, Mount Eden, Tennyson, and Hayward High. Additional high schools include the Eden Area Regional Occupational Program, the Leadership Public Schools-Hayward charter school (ranked #2 among charter schools statewide by a University of Southern California study)<ref>"USC Report Names Top 10 California Charter Schools". Newswise.com. June 19, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2013. </ref> and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation charter public high school, Impact Academy of Arts and Technology.<ref>Impact Academy of Arts and Technology : Contact Us. Es-impact.org. Retrieved on December 25, 2010.</ref> The New Haven Unified School District operates in Union City and South Hayward, with one high school, Conley-Caraballo, located in Hayward. The San Lorenzo Unified School District operates Royal Sunset High School within Hayward.<ref>"Royal Sunset High School: Home Page". Rshs-slzusd-ca.schoolloop.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref> A large private high school, Moreau Catholic High School, is located in Hayward. Hayward was the recipient of a 2010 Promise Neighborhood grant from the United States Department of Education, through CSUEB.<ref>"Hayward Promise neighborhood kick-off event", San Jose Mercury News, Oct 27, 2012</ref><ref>"Hayward Promise Neighborhood". Hayward-ca.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref><ref>"U.S. Department of Education Awards Promise Neighborhoods Planning Grants | U.S. Department of Education". Ed.gov. September 21, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011. </ref>

Media

Two newspapers of general circulation cover Hayward. Hayward had, from 1944 to 2016, a daily newspaper, the Daily Review, published most recently by Bay Area News Group. The Tri-City Voice newspaper, based in Fremont and published twice weekly, covers Hayward as well as the Tri-City area of Fremont, Newark, and Union City. It was founded in 2002.<ref>"Tri-City Voice Newspaper – Whats Happening – Fremont, Union City, Newark, California". Tricityvoice.com. Retrieved May 26, 2012. </ref> The East Bay Express weekly newspaper, founded 1978, covers Hayward as part of its East Bay coverage. Local television stations, and AM and FM radio from Oakland and San Francisco reach Hayward, as do some stations from San Jose, Sacramento, and Salinas. The city's cable TV carrier is Comcast. California State University, East Bay, formerly California State University, Hayward, has a newspaper called The Pioneer that has been covering the East Bay since 1961. Chabot College's student radio station, KCRH, operates mostly within city limits.

Notable people

People from Hayward who are strongly associated with the city include; founder William Dutton Hayward; and the Ukrainian patriot and Greek Orthodox priest Agapius Honcharenko, who created a farm whose location is now an historic landmark. High-profile people from Hayward include football coach Bill Walsh, figure skater Kristi Yamaguchi, professional wrestler and actor Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson, and Treasurer of the United States Rosa Gumataotao Rios. Charles Plummer, prior to becoming Alameda County Sheriff, was the Police Chief of Hayward. Oakland Raiders Head Coach Jack Del Rio, is a graduate of Hayward High School.

Sister cities

Hayward is the sister city of:

See also

References

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External links

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