The Shadows

From The Trax Project
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses of the term Shadows, see Shadow (disambiguation).
The Shadows
Manchester The Shadows 18-10-2009 21-35-38.JPG
The Shadows in 2009 at the MEN Arena, Manchester, from left to right: (Warren Bennett), Bruce Welch, (Mark Griffiths), Brian Bennett and Hank Marvin
Background information
Origin London, England
Genres Instrumental rock
Years active 1958–1968, 1973–1990, 2004–2010
Labels Columbia (EMI), Polydor, Universal
Associated acts Cliff Richard, Marvin, Welch & Farrar, Olivia Newton-John
Members Hank Marvin
Bruce Welch
Brian Bennett
Mark Griffiths
Warren Bennett
Past members Jet Harris
Tony Meehan
Brian Locking
John Rostill
Alan Hawkshaw
John Farrar
Ken Pavey
Norman Mitham
Alan Tarney
Ian Samwell
Terry Smart

The Shadows are a British instrumental rock group, and were Cliff Richard's backing band from 1958 to 1968, (though they have collaborated again on numerous reunion tours). The Shadows have placed 69 UK charted singles from the 1950s to the 2000s, 35 credited to the Shadows and 34 to Cliff Richard and the Shadows. The group, who were in the forefront of the UK beat-group boom,<ref>Anon. "Tony Meehan". Spectropop remembers. Retrieved 4 December 2009. </ref> were the first backing band to emerge as stars. As pioneers of the four-member instrumental format, the band consisted of lead guitar, rhythm guitar, bass guitar and drums. Their range covers pop, rock, surf rock and ballads with a jazz influence.<ref name=Perone2009>Perone, James E. (2009). Mods, Rockers, and the Music of the British Invasion. ABC-CLIO. pp. 51–52. ISBN 978-0-275-99860-8. </ref>

The core members are Hank Marvin, Bruce Welch and Brian Bennett. Along with the Fender guitar, another cornerstone of the Shadows sound was the Vox amplifier. The Shadows, with Cliff Richard, dominated British popular music in the late 1950s and early 1960s in the years before the Beatles. The Shadows' number one hits included "Apache", "Wonderful Land", "Dance On!" and "Foot Tapper". Although they lost ground in the late '60s, the band had a second success from the late '70s.

The Shadows are the third most successful act in the UK singles chart, behind Elvis Presley and Cliff Richard.<ref>Roberts, David (2007). Guinness Book of British Hit Singles & Album. Guinness World Records Limited. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. </ref> The Shadows and Cliff Richard & the Shadows each have had four No. 1 selling EPs.

Hank B. Marvin, lead guitarist of The Shadows


The Shadows were formed from members of late 1950s UK skiffle groups: Hank Marvin and Bruce Welch, both inspired by US pop music, came from the Newcastle-based Railroaders (and also the Five Chesternuts on Columbia Records); and Jet Harris and Tony Meehan from London, both inspired by UK jazzskiffle music, came from the Vipers Skiffle Group (on Parlophone Records). Originally the backing band for Cliff Richard, 'The Shadows' became an instrumental combo in their own right following their success with the Jerry Lordan composition "Apache".

The Shadows disbanded in 1968, but Marvin and Welch formed a vocal–guitar trio with ex-Strangers member John Farrar, as Marvin, Welch & Farrar. Because of low sales and fans demanding Shadows numbers at gigs, the Shadows re-formed in 1973 with Bennett as a full member and various extra musicians. The group disbanded again in 1990 but re-formed in 2004–05 for a UK and continental European tour<ref>Otago Daily Times, New Zealand, 2 June 2001 newspaper article with Jet Harris stating Field's intention to reunite the Shadows (article "Scoop, from out of left field")</ref><ref>"Classical Guitar Magazine, UK". Retrieved 28 September 2014. </ref><ref>"Gitarre & Bass Magazine, Germany". Retrieved 28 September 2014. </ref><ref>"Newcastle Evening Chronicle". 1 May 2004, Pal returns Shadows to fame.</ref> and again during 2009–10 to tour and release an album with a 50th anniversary reunion with Richard.


Formed as a backing band for Cliff Richard under the name The Drifters, the original members were founder Ken Pavey (born 1932), Terry Smart on drums (1942), Norman Mitham on guitar (1941), Ian Samwell on guitar and Harry Webb (before he became Cliff Richard) on guitar and vocals. They had no bass player. Samwell wrote the first hit, "Move It", often mistakenly attributed to Cliff Richard and the Shadows. Initially, Norrie Paramor wanted to record using only studio musicians but after persuasion he allowed Smart and Samwell to play as well. Two session players, guitarist Ernie Shear and bassist Frank Clark, played on the "Move It"/"Schoolboy Crush" single on Paramor's insistence to ensure a strong sound.<ref>"Cliff Richard – 29 August 1958" in Crampton, L., Lazell, B., Rees, D in: "Guinness Book of Rock Stars" Guinness Publ. Co. Middlesex 1989 Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".</ref> In his memoirs Welch regrets that he and Marvin could not be at the start of making history with "Move It".<ref>Bruce Welch: Rock and Roll, I Gave You the Best Years of My Life, Penguin Books, London, 1989, p.78. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".</ref>

The Drifters signed for Jack Good's Oh Boy! television series. Paramor of EMI signed Richard, and asked Johnny Foster to recruit a better guitarist. Foster went to Soho's 2i's coffee bar, known for musical talent performing there, particularly in skiffle, in search of guitarist Tony Sheridan. Sheridan was not there but Foster's attention was caught by Marvin, who played guitar well and had Buddy Holly-style glasses.<ref>Crampton, Luke; Rees, Dafydd; Lazell, Barry, eds. (1989). "The Shadows – Sept. 1958". Guinness Book of Rock Stars (1st ed.). Guinness Publ. Co. ISBN 978-0-85112-872-6. </ref><ref>Turner, Steve (1993). Cliff Richard: the biography (1st ed.). Oxford, UK: Lion. ISBN 978-0-7324-0534-2. </ref>

In spring the same year, the owner of the United States vocal group The Drifters threatened legal action after the release and immediate withdrawal of "Feelin Fine" in the US. The second single, "Jet Black," was released in the States as by The Four Jets to avoid further legal aggravation, but a new band name was urgently needed. The name "The Shadows" was arrived upon by Harris (unaware of Bobby Vee's backing group) while he and Marvin were at the Six Bells pub in Ruislip in July 1959. From The Story of the Shadows:

With a combination of the American situation, Cliff Richard's runaway success ("Living Doll" had by now sold over a million copies in Britain alone) and a bit of nudging from Norrie Paramor, we set about finding a permanent name, which arrived out of the blue one summer's day in July 1959 (maybe the 19th). When Hank Marvin and Jet Harris took off on their scooters up to the Six Bells pub at Ruislip, Jet hit upon a name straight away. 'What about the Shadows?' The lad was a genius! So we became the Shadows for the first time on Cliff's sixth single "Travellin' Light".<ref>"Six Bells". 9 November 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2011. </ref>


Cliff Richard and the Shadows in 1962

In 1960, "Apache", an instrumental by Jerry Lordan, topped the UK charts for five weeks. Further hits followed, notably "Wonderful Land", another Lordan composition with orchestral backing, at the top of the charts for eight weeks. "Kon Tiki" six months earlier had also reached number one. The Shadows played on more chart-toppers as Richard's band. This group, referred to subsequently as "the Original Shadows", had seven hits.

In October 1961 Meehan left to be a producer at Decca records. He was replaced by Brian Bennett. In April 1962 Harris was replaced by Brian Locking, also known as "Licorice." Bennett and Locking were friends from the 2I's who had been in Marty Wilde's backing group, the Wildcats, who recorded instrumentals as the Krew Kats. This Shadows line-up also produced seven hits, two of which, "Dance On!" and "Foot Tapper," topped the charts. The Marvin-Welch-Bennett-Locking line-up lasted 18 months. In October 1963, Locking left to spend more time as a Jehovah's Witness. See The Shadows discography.

Meanwhile, Harris and Meehan teamed up at Decca as an eponymous duo to record another Lordan instrumental, "Diamonds". It rose to UK no. 1 in January 1963. Two further hits, "Scarlett O'Hara" (also by Lordan) and "Applejack", followed in the same year. On the Lordan tunes, Harris played lead using a six-stringed Fender Bass VI. During 1963 the ex-Shadows' were competing with their former bandmates.

The Shadows had met John Rostill on tour with other bands and had been impressed by his playing, so they invited him to take over. This final and longest-lasting line-up was the most innovative as they tried different guitars and developed a wider range of styles and higher musicianship. They produced albums but the chart positions of singles began to ease. The line-up had ten hits but the most successful, "The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt", was also the first of those ten.

During the 1960s, the group appeared with Richard in The Young Ones, Summer Holiday, Wonderful Life, Finders Keepers and as marionettes in the Gerry Anderson film Thunderbirds Are GO. They starred in a short B-film called Rhythm 'n Greens which became the basis of a music book and an EP. They appeared in pantomime. Aladdin and his Wonderful Lamp was in 1964 at the London Palladium with Arthur Askey as Widow Twankey, Richard as Aladdin, and the Shadows as Wishee, Washee, Noshee and Poshee. Cinderella at the Palladium in 1966 featured Richard as Buttons and the Shadows as the Broker's Men. The film and stage roles allowed the group to develop as songwriters. They wrote only a few songs for the earliest film, 1961's The Young Ones, but by Finders Keepers in 1966 almost the entire soundtrack was credited to Marvin-Welch-Bennett-Rostill. In 1967 the Shadows used Olivia Newton-John on the track "The Day I Met Marie" on their album From Hank Bruce Brian and John (SX6199/SCX6199).


The group began 1970 by appearing on the BBC's review of the '60s music scene, Pop Go The Sixties, performing "Apache" and backing Richard on "Bachelor Boy", broadcast across Europe and BBC1, on 31 December 1969. This was followed by Marvin and a reconstituted Shadows becoming resident guests on Richard's debut TV series for the BBC, It's Cliff Richard!

The group were chosen by BBC Head of Light Entertainment Bill Cotton to perform the Song for Europe in the 1975 Eurovision Song Contest. The Shadows recorded six options, seen each week on a weekly television show It's Lulu, on BBC1 and hosted by Lulu, a former Eurovision winner. The group taped all six performances in the TV studio before the series itself began, with the video cut into the weekly show. For the presentation of the songs on week seven and the announcement of the result on week eight, the pre-recorded performances were run again.

Two of the songs ("No, No Nina" and "This House Runs on Sunshine") were co-written by members of the group. The public voted for "Let Me Be the One", composed by Paul Curtis, to go to the Eurovision final in Stockholm. There, the group came second to the Dutch entry, Teach-In's "Ding-A-Dong". Having long stepped out of Richard's shadow, this was a rare excursion into lyrics for a band known for instrumentals (however they had cut vocal tracks on most albums, plus some singles 'B' sides, and had two charting vocal singles in the '60s). Welch sang lead and let the world know when, forgetting a couple of words, he turned to colleagues and said "I knew it" in range of his microphone. Author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor notes in The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History that they were not a popular choice to represent the UK and the viewers' postal vote was the lowest in 'Song For Europe' history.<ref>O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".</ref>

In 1976 EMI released a compilation album from 1962 to 1970: Rarities with sleeve notes by John Friesen. The first half of the album was by the Shadows and the second was from Marvin's solo career.

Following the rare vocal single "It'll Be Me, Babe" written and sung by Marvin & Farrar. Farrar left the band that year, amicably moving to the USA to produce Olivia Newton-John. Among her hits, Farrar wrote "You're the One That I Want" (covered by the Shadows in 1979) for the film Grease.

The packaging of hits in Twenty Golden Greats by EMI in 1977 prompted the group to re-form once more for a tour featuring Francis Monkman from Sky on keyboards, leading to a number one album. Francis left after that tour and the line-up settled as Marvin, Welch and Bennett, supplemented on records and gigs by Cliff Hall (keyboards) and Alan Jones (bass). It was this line-up that reunited with Cliff Richard for two concerts at the London Palladium in March 1978. Highlights of the concert, including four solo Shadows tracks, were released the following year on the top ten charting album Thank You Very Much.

In 1979 their version of "Cavatina" became a hit and they recorded ten more tracks with Alan Jones on bass for String of Hits on EMI which topped the album charts causing EMI to moot a follow-up album akin to a 'String of Hits-volume 2' with 13 old (including a Marvin solo track), and one unreleased tracks from albums released in 1967, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1975 and 1977 of cover versions of hit singles eventually released as Another String of Hot Hits in 1980.

Later career

The Shadows Live at Abbey Road

In December 2004 the Shadows were each appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) but Marvin declined.<ref>"Shadows Man Refuses OBE". Sky News. 12 June 2004. Retrieved 19 September 2015. </ref>

The Shadows in Brussels (2009)

The group re-formed in 2004 for a farewell tour, and recorded "Life Story" (written by Lordan) to accompany a hits package of the same name which featured '80s re-recordings of all their 1960s and 1970s hits. This opportunity to see Marvin, Welch and Bennett, joined on keyboards by Cliff Hall and on bass by Mark Griffiths, was successful enough that they extended the tour to continental Europe in 2005. The line-up was almost the same, but Warren Bennett, son of Brian, came in on keyboards instead of Hall.

Marvin, Welch and Bennett appeared together as special guests at Marty Wilde's 50th anniversary concert at the London Palladium on 27 May 2007, performing "Move It" with Wilde on vocals. The concert also featured former Shadows Jet Harris and Brian Locking.

On 11 December 2008, Richard and the Shadows performed at the Royal Variety Performance at the same time announcing their forthcoming 50th anniversary tour. The tour began in September 2009 with 36 shows throughout the UK and continental Europe, extending to Australia, New Zealand and South Africa in 2010. A new album Reunited featuring mostly rerecorded versions of their own hits reached number four in the UK album chart in 2009. "Singing the Blues", the first Cliff Richard and the Shadows single for 40 years, reached number 40 in the UK singles chart, and is Richard's most recent top 40 hit.

The Final Tour was put on Blu-ray format by Eagle Records in 2010.

Welch, Bennett, Mark Griffiths and Warren Bennett performed two Shadows hits ("Apache" and "Wonderful Land") at Albert Lee's 70th birthday concerts at Cadagon Hall, London, on 1 and 2 March 2014, Lee playing with them on lead guitar.

The Shadows recorded an interpretation of John Barry's The Appointment for the 2015 Brian Bennett album "Shadowing John Barry".

Style and image

The Shadows are difficult to categorise because of their stylistic range, which includes pop, rock, surf rock and ballads with a jazz influence. Most tunes are instrumental rock, with a few vocal numbers. Their rhythmic style is primarily on the beat, with little syncopation.<ref name="Perone2009" /> They said in 1992 that "Apache" set the tone with its surf guitar sound.<ref name="NME Rock 'N' Roll Years">Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years. London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 124. CN 5585. </ref>

The Shadows and their management did not exploit commercial opportunities such as self-promotion via artwork. They allowed Vox to produce metallic badges in a script typeface, with the group name on the front bottom right corner of all three Vox cabinets sometime during the early 1960s. This badge became the "default" band logo but was never commercially exploited by the group.

The Shadows never used the logo on the front of the bass drum, preferring to allow their two Meehan and Bennett to use their names instead. Belatedly, the logo was used once on the front artwork of the 1975 original studio album, Specs Appeal. As of 2009, the logo still remains untrademarked and uncopyrighted.[citation needed]

In lieu of a proper band logo, four silhouettes of the original line-up, in ascending order of height, were used as a pseudo-logo on concert programme covers and artwork projects such as sheet music, EP and album covers. From left to right after the drum-kit were Meehan, Harris, Marvin, Bruce Welch. The original artwork group silhouette was modified each time a member changed. The last version of the Shadows group-silhouette featured Brian Bennett and Rostill in the late 1960s. During the 1970s EMI dropped the silhouettes, preferring to use three guitar necks or colour photos of the Shadows. During the later 1980s, Polydor used a red Fender Stratocaster (with white scratch plate) as a symbol.

The Shadows' walk

In 1958 Bruce Welch went to a concert as part of the 1958 Jerry Lee Lewis tour of the UK of which he said:

On the show was this black American band called the Treniers. Hank Marvin and I were at the back, and we were really impressed at the way the saxophone players moved in unison, taken, I suppose, from the Glenn Miller days. It looked fantastic and we thought, "We must do something like that because it looks so interesting from the front."<ref>Leigh, Spencer (24 November 2003). "Obituary: Claude Trenier:". The Independent. London. Retrieved 9 December 2009. </ref>

The Shadows developed sequences using their bodies and guitars in tempo with the music, such as the 'walk'. It has been copied by other groups as part of their Top of the Pops performances, notably Mud, the Rubettes, Showaddywaddy and Yellow Dog. The walk is three steps within a 60–60–60-degree triangle with a reverse right-heel back-kick with optional can-can finale. This was varied throughout a gig during certain numbers, for example, "FBI".

During the 1980s, rather than play in a static posture, during an instrumental number, or using the walk, their live act was refined to include another movement. This featured Marvin, Welch and the bassist moving their guitars in time, or in sequence, with note or chord changes. Occasionally, during other instrumentals, this guitar presentation is re-engineered with Marvin and Welch acting out of sequence or alternating.

Stage names

During the late 1950s in the UK, it was a common practice for pop stars to adopt a stage name, and several members of the original Cliff Richard and the Shadows did so: Harry Webb became 'Cliff Richard', Brian Rankin became 'Hank B. Marvin', Terence Harris became 'Jet Harris' and Bruce Cripps became 'Bruce Welch'. Subsequently, the names 'Cliff Richard' and 'Hank Brian Marvin' were confirmed by deed poll.<ref>Adelson, Martin; Lisa Adelson. "The Shadows". The Penguin Biographies. Martin and Lisa Adelson. Retrieved 9 December 2009. </ref><ref>"Cliff Richard Biography". Yuddy, LLC. 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2009. </ref>

Legacy and influence

The Shadows have been cited as a major influence on some American guitarists but also many British, Australian, Canadian and continental European guitarists, including Brian May, Eric Clapton, Ritchie Blackmore, David Gilmour and Tony Iommi<ref name="Guitar World">Gill, Chris (December 2008). "The Eternal Idol". Guitar World. </ref> A tribute album, Twang! A Tribute to Hank Marvin & the Shadows (Capitol 33928), in October 1996 featured Ritchie Blackmore, Tony Iommi, Peter Green, Randy Bachman, Neil Young, Mark Knopfler, Peter Frampton and others playing Shadows hits.

The Shadows influenced 1960s Yugoslav beat bands like Bijele Strijele, Crni Biseri, Crveni Koralji, Elipse, Iskre, Roboti, Siluete, Tomi Sovilj i Njegove Siluete and Zlatni Dečaci, all of whom were the pioneers of the Yugoslav rock scene.<ref name="rockovnik">""Rockovnik, Strana II, "Ljubav i moda" Beograd 1958-63",". YouTube. Retrieved 28 September 2014. </ref> In the words of Crni Biseri member Vladimir Janković "Jet" (who got his nickname after Harris), "even the Beatles weren't as popular in Belgrade as the Shadows were".<ref name="rockovnik" /> The second episode of Rockovnik, a Serbian 2011 documentary series about the Yugoslav rock scene, deals with the appearance of the Shadows and the influence they had on Yugoslav bands.<ref name="rockovnik" />

Band members

Members to 2015

  • Hank Marvin – lead guitar (1958–1970, 1973–1990, 2004–2015)
  • Bruce Welch – rhythm guitar (1958–1968, 1973–1990, 2004–2015)
  • Brian Bennett – drums (1961–1970, 1973–1990, 2004–2015)
  • Mark Griffiths – bass (1989–1990, 2004–2015)
  • Warren Bennett – keyboards, percussion, harmonica, guitar (2004–2015)

Former members


<timeline> ImageSize = width:800 height:auto barincrement:20 PlotArea = left:90 bottom:80 top:0 right:20 Alignbars = justify DateFormat = dd/mm/yyyy Period = from:01/01/1959 till:15/04/2016 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal format:yyyy Legend = orientation:horizontal position:bottom ScaleMajor = increment:3 start:1959 ScaleMinor = increment:1 start:1960

Colors =

id:Guitar1      value:teal       legend:Lead_guitar
id:Guitar2      value:green      legend:Rhythm_guitar
id:Bass         value:blue       legend:Bass
id:Drums        value:orange     legend:Drums
id:Piano        value:purple     legend:Piano/Keyboards
id:lines        value:black      legend:Studio_albums

BarData =

 bar:Hank   text:Hank Marvin
 bar:Bruce  text:Bruce Welch
 bar:John2  text:John Farrar
 bar:Tony   text:Tony Meehan
 bar:Brian  text:Brian Bennett
 bar:Jet    text:Jet Harris
 bar:Brian2 text:Brian Locking
 bar:John   text:John Rostill
 bar:Alan2  text:Alan Tarney
 bar:Alan3  text:Alan Jones
 bar:Mark   text:Mark Griffiths
 bar:Alan   text:Alan Hawkshaw
 bar:Cliff  text:Cliff Hall
 bar:Warren text:Warren Bennett


 width:11 textcolor:black align:left anchor:from shift:(10,-4)
bar:Hank  from:start      till:01/01/1970  color:guitar1
bar:Hank  from:01/01/1973 till:01/01/1990  color:guitar1
bar:Hank  from:01/01/2004 till:end         color:guitar1
bar:Bruce from:start      till:01/01/1970  color:guitar2
bar:Bruce from:01/01/1973 till:01/01/1990  color:guitar2
bar:Bruce from:01/01/2004 till:end         color:guitar2
bar:Bruce from:01/01/2004 till:end         color:guitar1 width:3
bar:Brian from:01/09/1961 till:01/01/1970  color:drums
bar:Brian from:01/01/1973 till:01/01/1990  color:drums
bar:Brian from:01/01/1973 till:01/01/1977  color:piano width:3
bar:Brian from:01/01/2004 till:end         color:drums
bar:Jet from:start till:01/04/1962 color:bass
bar:Tony from:start till:01/09/1961 color:drums
bar:Brian2 from:01/04/1962 till:01/01/1963 color:bass
bar:John from:01/01/1963 till:01/01/1970 color:bass
bar:Alan from:01/01/1969 till:01/01/1970 color:piano
bar:John2 from:01/01/1973 till:01/01/1977 color:guitar2
bar:John2 from:01/01/1973 till:01/01/1977 color:guitar1 width:3
bar:Alan2 from:01/01/1973 till:01/01/1977 color:bass
bar:Cliff from:01/01/1977 till:01/01/1990 color:piano
bar:Cliff from:01/01/2004 till:01/01/2005 color:piano
bar:Alan3 from:01/01/1977 till:01/01/1989 color:bass
bar:Mark from:01/01/1989 till:01/01/1990 color:bass
bar:Mark from:01/01/2004 till:end color:bass
bar:Warren from:01/01/2004 till:end color:piano
bar:Warren from:01/01/2004 till:end color:guitar2 width:3

LineData =

at:01/09/1961 color:black layer:back
at:01/10/1962 color:black layer:back
at:01/05/1964 color:black layer:back
at:01/07/1965 color:black layer:back
at:01/05/1966 color:black layer:back
at:01/07/1967 color:black layer:back
at:01/12/1967 color:black layer:back
at:01/10/1970 color:black layer:back
at:01/11/1973 color:black layer:back
at:01/03/1975 color:black layer:back
at:01/08/1977 color:black layer:back
at:01/08/1979 color:black layer:back
at:01/09/1980 color:black layer:back
at:01/09/1981 color:black layer:back
at:01/09/1982 color:black layer:back
at:01/03/1983 color:black layer:back
at:01/11/1984 color:black layer:back
at:01/05/1986 color:black layer:back
at:01/10/1987 color:black layer:back
at:01/09/1990 color:black layer:back




<references group="" responsive="0"></references>

Further reading

  • Driftin' with Cliff Richard, by J. Harris, R. Ellis and C. Richard. 1959. no ISBN.
  • The Cliff Richard Story, by G. Tremlett, Futura Pub Limited, London, 1975, Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • The Shadows by Themselves, by Royston Ellis with the Shadows. Consul Books. 1961. No ISBN
  • The Story of the Shadows, by Mike Read. 1983. Elm Tree books. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • Rock 'n' Roll, I Gave You The Best Years Of My Life—A Life In The Shadows, by Bruce Welch. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn". (Penguin Books)
  • "That Sound" (From Move It On, The Story of the Magic Sound of the Shadows), by R. Pistolesi, M. Addey & M. Mazzini. Publ: Vanni Lisanti. June 2000. No ISBN
  • A Pocket Guide to Shadow Music, by M. Campbell, R. Bradford, L. Woosey. Idmon. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • A Guide to the Shadows and Hank Marvin on CD, by M. Campbell & L. Woosey. Idmon. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • The Shadows at Polydor, by M. Campbell. Idmon. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • The Shadows at EMI, by M. Campbell. Idmon. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • The Complete Rock Family Rock Trees, by Pete Frame. Omnibus. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • 17 Watts, by Mo Foster. ISBN ?
  • The Shadows Discography, by John Friesen. No ISBN
  • The Shadows Discography, by George Geddes. No ISBN
  • Guinness World Records: British Hit Singles & Albums (19th Edn), David Roberts. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • The Complete Book of the British Charts Singles and Albums, by Neil Warwick, Jon Kutner & Tony Brown, 3rd Edn. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • John Farrar—Music makes my day, (A Shadsfax-Tribute-40pp-booklet), by T. Hoffman, A. Hardwick, S. Duffy, G. Jermy, A. Lewis, J. Auman. No ISBN
  • John Rostill—Funny old world, (Tribute-60pp-booklet), by Robert Bradford. No ISBN
  • Jet Harris—Survivor, by Dave Nicolson, Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"., 31 Oct 2009.
  • Meet the Shadows, by ?. No ISBN.
  • Meet Jet and Tony, by ?. No ISBN.
  • The Shadows Complete, by ?.
  • Revolution in the Head, by I. MacDonald. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..

External links

Preceded by
Olivia Newton-John
with "Long Live Love"
UK in the Eurovision Song Contest
Succeeded by
Brotherhood of Man
with "Save Your Kisses for Me"

Template:The Shadows

Lua error in Module:Authority_control at line 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).